The Feast of Trumpets, called Yom Teruah in Hebrew, heralds the beginning of the fall feasts. On the Jewish religious calendar it begins on the first day of the seventh month, the month of Tishri.
Lev 23:23-24 Then the LORD spoke to Moses, saying, “Speak to the children of Israel, saying: ‘In the seventh month, on the first day of the month, you shall have a sabbath-rest, a memorial of blowing of trumpets, a holy convocation. You shall do no customary work on it; and you shall offer an offering made by fire to the LORD.’ “
In total, there are three sacred assemblies, called miqra in Hebrew, in the fall. These are the Feast of Trumpets, the Day of Atonement and the Feast of Tabernacles. Respectively in Hebrew: Yom Teruah, Yom Kippur, and Chag Sukkot. Also, it begins what is known as the Ten Days of Awe. This is a period between the Feast of Trumpets and the Day of Atonement where we should spend time examining ourselves before Adonai in prayer, fasting and repentance.
The Feast of Trumpets or Rosh Hashanah?
The Feast of Trumpets also marks the beginning of the civil new year, called Rosh Hoshanah. Literally translated, it means the Head of the Year. Without getting into too much detail (perhaps that will be another post), think of the Jewish civil/religious calendar like the civil/fiscal calendar of the United States. The Jewish civil calendar begins on 1 Tishri, whereas in the religious calendar, this is considered the seventh month.
Rosh Hoshanah, although not a biblical feast, comes with its own traditional observances. Namely candle lighting in the evening along with a festive meal with sweet delicacies. Here at Bet Shalom, we share a meal together along with Challah bread and some apples and honey, and of course, the sounding of the shofar!
We know that Yeshua has fulfilled the spring feasts of The Passover, The Feast of Unleavened Bread, and The Feast of Firstfruits. The Feast of Trumpets, again, the first of the fall feasts, is the only feast that starts on the new moon. This presents a bit of a problem for us. When exactly is the new moon? This helps explain why the feast in modern times is celebrated over a two-day period, because no one knows the day or the hour it’ll come! Additionally, this also means that we have to be prepared for Yom Teruah before it arrives. This hearkens back to the words of Yeshua in Matthew 24:30-31, “Then the sign of the Son of Man will appear in heaven, and then all the tribes of the earth will mourn, and they will see the Son of Man coming on the clouds of heaven with power and great glory. And He will send His angels with a great sound of a trumpet, and they will gather together His elect from the four winds, from one end of heaven to the other.” Later, Yeshua says in verse 36, “But of that day and hour no one knows, not even the angels of heaven, but My Father only.” And finally, in verse 44 Yeshua says, “Therefore you also be ready, for the Son of Man is coming at an hour you do not expect.”
May the Ruach HaKodesh draw you closer to Adonai during the Feast of Trumpets. And may Adonai bless you in the coming Rosh Hoshana! Amen, and amen!